Khadga Prasad Sharma Oli more commonly known as K. P. Oli, is a Nepalese politician who served as the 38th Prime Minister of Nepal from 11 October 2015 to 3 August 2016. A member of the Communist Party of Nepal (Unified Marxist–Leninist), He was the second Prime Minister under the newly adopted Constitution of Nepal.
Oli began his political career in 1966. He joined the Communist Party of Nepal in February 1970. He became involved in subversive politics in opposition to the party-less Panchayat System in place at the time. For his activities, he was arrested for the first time in 1970. A year later he became the District committee member of the party and soon the Chief of the Jhapa Movement Organizing Committee in 1972. Oli was arrested and imprisoned for 14 consecutive years for murders from 1973 to 1987. The murders were attributed to “Murkatta revolution”, beheading political opponents and landlords. After escaping from jail in 1987, he became a central committee member of UML as an in-charge for Lumbini Zone until 1990. He then went on to hold the post of chief of the foreign department of the CPN (UML) in 1992. Oli also became the Founder President of the National Democratic Youth Federation of Nepal (DNYF).
He was elected as a member of parliament in the House of Representatives from Jhapa district’s electorate no. 6 in 1991. Soon he became the chief of the department of publicity. In the ever-changing political situation of Nepal, Oli served as Minister of Home Affairs in 1994–1995. He was re-elected to the House of Representatives from Jhapa electorate no. 2 in 1999.